Recently, psychologists Angelina Lillard and colleagues at the University of Virginia have studied 60 children ages 4 (by parents). They were divided into three groups: Within nine minutes, the first group game coloring; the second group to see "a fictional cartoon famous about a boy living sponges in the ocean." Third watch "a real cartoon about a boy PBS kindergarten"
Lillard did not give specific names of the film, but the description fits the movie "Bob sponges" (11 seconds to change the scene once, in each scene has a lot of progress quickly) and "Gaillou "(each scene range 34 seconds apart) of PBS.
After 9 minutes watching TV or bowl competition, the kids made a few different activities to observe the ability to control their behavior or their ability to concentrate. The children tested the ability to follow commands to move the game disc from one place to another, play "Simon Says" (young adults will be required to hand over the head, legs or other parts of the body) and repeat play sequence in reverse order.
The researchers also challenge young players marshmallows, a very popular method of testing the ability of the child restraint. Researchers on the table a marshmallow or cookie (depending on your child's interests), they were selected, one is always eating, the two are not eating that most people wait until they are back again, the candy will be 10 .
Check this to predict when our children grow up able to control to some extent. Doing this is significant because the ability to control themselves and to curb the urge to be seen as the key to all problems, from health to maintain success at work.
Researchers collect and sort the results according to the standard scale for comparison between groups. They found that the group watched "Bob sponges" have relatively low scores. For example, the average score of the PBS children's movies in the marshmallow test is about 0.2, while children watch "Bob sponges" only roughly - 0.5.
Children who watch cartoons slow evolution by scoring team color. This proves that the television or not children do not lose focus that is the kind of programs they watch.
According to Dimitri Christakis, Seattle Children Research Institute, University of Washington, although this study was conducted on a small scale, scientists are not sure that will impact how long, but it also shows that not only the amount of television that children watch both movies that deserve attention.
But Christakis said: "We should not generalize the issue, said that" Bob sponges "that should not watch movies and" Caillou "is a film should look. The problem lies not in a movie that is both specific in the nature of the film. "
Programs like "Sesame Street" (Seasame Street) have a moderate pace. In theory, this program does not harm the child's brain, but that has not been verified. A 1977 study published in the journal Research and Development of educational technology has compared the impact on cognition between the episode of "Sesame Street" quickly and "Sesame Street" slow but there were no differences . However, in 2004, a study of the journal Perception Skills and Advocacy also show "Sesame Street" also speed up the program from the 70s and who is not currently available research on the recent episode .
Researchers are not sure yet about the impact of time effects as well as positive effects on children over or under 4 years old. Christakis said the study based on observations that the more exposed to the media, the impact of it as long. More research is needed on a larger scale can respond to this problem, but the research also has a vibrating alarm for parents.
The animation for young growing faster evolution and more children do not watch TV much.
If the 70s, children begin watching movies since age 4 years, now began to watch TV is 4 months. It is estimated that two thirds of children under 3 years old on average each day watching television or looking at a screen something 2 hours.
It is also concerned too active programs will affect the brain, leading to problems later ability to concentrate.